Old Books and Newspapers into Art Sculptures

Sculpture artist Nick Georgiou found inspiration from old books. He arranged old books and waste newspapers according to different colors and different sequences to create figure sculptures and some flower sculptures. These figure sculptures have both shape and spirit, and flower sculptures are beautiful and beautiful, full of artistic beauty. Of course, the best is the artists' innovative spirit of turning waste into treasure.

From this point of view, even waste products still have their place of use, and interested partners can try to innovate something!


Researchers found the ancient bird’s right leg and foot preserved in a chunk of amber. Its third digit is 9.8 millimeters long, about 41 percent longer than its second-longest digit — and 20 percent longer than its entire lower leg. This foot morphology is unique among any known bird species, whether modern or Mesozoic, the team reports online July 11 in Current Biology. Although it’s not clear what purpose the extra-long toe served, the digit may have helped the bird find food in hard-to-reach places, such as through a hole in a tree.

Determining the bird to be a new species, the team named it Elektorornis chenguangi — using the prefix elektor, meaning amber in Greek, and suffix ornis, meaning bird; and with a nod to Chen Guang, the curator at the Hupoge Amber Museum in Tengchong City, China.

E. chenguangi was a member of a group of toothed, clawed birds called enantiornithines that died out along with nonavian dinosaurs about 66 million years ago. Like most enantiornithines, the tiny E. chenguangi was probably a tree-dweller, and that lengthy digit may have helped the bird to grasp on to tree branches and limbs — in addition to possibly giving it a leg up in feeling around for food.

Editor’s note: The second caption in this story was updated July 17, 2019, to correct the comparison between E. chenguangi‘s longest and second-longest digits. The third digit is 41 percent longer than the second-longest digit, not twice as long.

The team, led by paleontologist and frequent amber-fossil finder Lida Xing of the China University of Geosciences in Beijing, compared the toe size ratios of the fossilized bird with those of 20 other birds that lived during Mesozoic, the era that spans between 252 million and 66 million years ago, as well as with toe size ratios of 62 living species. Although some modern tree-dwelling birds do have elongated third digits, none of the other birds living or extinct have quite such a dramatic difference in toe sizes, the team found.

From kindergarten to university, after studying for so many years, children have not only gained knowledge, but also used books. However, it is estimated that some of the old books of my friends have gone to see the Buddha just as I made them up, because I think they are useless, and some of the old books that I think will be useful are sleeping in the bookcase. Maybe those old books are of no use to ordinary people. They take up space in bookcases. However, these old books are very useful for some artists and can be used as creative materials.